Influence of Music Training on Pre-Attentive Auditory-Neural Processing Across the Lifespan Music training has been shown to enhance auditory sensory-memory for acoustic features and augment sensitivity to acoustic changes in spectrally rich stimuli for children and young adults. Less is known about the interaction of aging and music training experienced by older adult musicians. Overall, as compared to young nonmusicians, young ... Article
Article  |   December 01, 2012
Influence of Music Training on Pre-Attentive Auditory-Neural Processing Across the Lifespan
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Dee Adams Nikjeh
    University of South Florida, Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Tampa, FL
  • Jennifer J. Lister
    University of South Florida, Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Tampa, FL
  • Disclosures: Dee Adams Nikjeh and Jennifer J. Lister have no financial or nonfinancial relationships related to the content of this article.
    Disclosures: Dee Adams Nikjeh and Jennifer J. Lister have no financial or nonfinancial relationships related to the content of this article.×
Article Information
Hearing & Speech Perception / Acoustics / Special Populations / Older Adults & Aging / Attention, Memory & Executive Functions / Articles
Article   |   December 01, 2012
Influence of Music Training on Pre-Attentive Auditory-Neural Processing Across the Lifespan
SIG 6 Perspectives on Hearing and Hearing Disorders: Research and Diagnostics, December 2012, Vol. 16, 47-54. doi:10.1044/hhd16.2.47
SIG 6 Perspectives on Hearing and Hearing Disorders: Research and Diagnostics, December 2012, Vol. 16, 47-54. doi:10.1044/hhd16.2.47

Music training has been shown to enhance auditory sensory-memory for acoustic features and augment sensitivity to acoustic changes in spectrally rich stimuli for children and young adults. Less is known about the interaction of aging and music training experienced by older adult musicians. Overall, as compared to young nonmusicians, young adult musicians demonstrate increased auditory processing efficiency, superior auditory sensory memories for a variety of auditory stimuli, and enhanced sensitivity to acoustic changes of harmonic tones and speech. A pilot study conducted in our laboratory suggests that older adult musicians, compared to age-matched listeners (ages 55–70 years) with no previous music training, preattentively discriminate acoustic changes in music faster than older listeners with no previous music training (mismatch negativity, or MMN). Older adult musicians also demonstrate exceptional automatic attention switching to changes in music stimuli (P3a) relative to their nonmusician peers. Further, older musicians who received music training early in life appear to retain superior automatic memory-based comparison processes for music in later life, suggesting retention of experience-related neural adaptations for underlying auditory encoding.

Become a SIG Affiliate
Pay Per View
Entire SIG 6 Perspectives on Hearing and Hearing Disorders: Research and Diagnostics content & archive
24-hour access
This Issue
24-hour access
This Article
24-hour access
We've Changed Our Publication Model...
The 19 individual SIG Perspectives publications have been relaunched as the new, all-in-one Perspectives of the ASHA Special Interest Groups.