Speech Perception in Noise: The Basics One of the most common complaints expressed by individuals with hearing loss is difficulty understanding speech when listening in background noise. This review paper highlights the importance of measuring speech recognition in noise and provides a guide to the basics of speech-in-noise testing. Topics included in this review paper along ... Article
Article  |   February 01, 2009
Speech Perception in Noise: The Basics
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Rachel McArdle
    Bay Pines VA Healthcare System, Bay Pines, FL
    Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL
  • Richard H. Wilson
    James H. Quillen VA Medical Center, Mountain Home, TN
    Departments of Surgery and Communicative Disorders, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN
Article Information
Hearing Disorders / Articles
Article   |   February 01, 2009
Speech Perception in Noise: The Basics
SIG 6 Perspectives on Hearing and Hearing Disorders: Research and Diagnostics, February 2009, Vol. 13, 4-13. doi:10.1044/hhd13.1.4
SIG 6 Perspectives on Hearing and Hearing Disorders: Research and Diagnostics, February 2009, Vol. 13, 4-13. doi:10.1044/hhd13.1.4
Abstract

One of the most common complaints expressed by individuals with hearing loss is difficulty understanding speech when listening in background noise. This review paper highlights the importance of measuring speech recognition in noise and provides a guide to the basics of speech-in-noise testing. Topics included in this review paper along with relevant research findings are (a) discussion regarding the two components of hearing loss and their relation to understanding speech, (b) speech-recognition performance in quiet and in background noise, and (c) speech-in-noise testing methodology to include type of paradigm, type of noise, and type of stimulus.

Acknowledgment
The Rehabilitation Research and Development Service, Department of Veterans Affairs supported this work through a Research Career Development award to the first author and a Merit Review, the Auditory and Vestibular Dysfunction Research Enhancement Award Program (REAP), and a Senior Research Career Scientist award to the second author.
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